September 22, 2018
The leader of ISIS terrorist group, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has reached eastern Afghanistan via Iran, Pakistani security and other extremist group sources said.
Baghdadi arrived in Nangarhar Province after crossing Iranian territories in eastern Iran’s Zahedan city, said the sources, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
According to the sources, ISIS manages a location to host its fighters in Zahedan in cooperation with the Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
News of Baghdadi’s arrival in Afghanistan comes as the US-backed Kurdish-Arab alliance launched Operation Roundup last week, the third phase of a year-old operation to clear southeastern Syria of its last ISIS holdouts, in an area around the Euphrates extending around 50 kilometers into Syria.
Meanwhile, the deaths of Afghan journalist Samim Faramarz and his cameraman Ramiz Ahmadi on September 5 took the number of journalists and media workers killed in Afghanistan this year to 14, making the country the deadliest in the world for the media.
Moments after Faramarz wrapped up his live report on a suicide attack in Kabul, a car bomb exploded just meters away, killing him and Ahmadi.
Their colleagues at Tolo News choked back tears as they reported the deaths live on air — cracking open a divisive debate on how Afghan journalists should operate in such a dangerous environment.
The losses have devastated the tight-knit community that faces the real prospect of tragedy every time they go to work.
“When we leave our homes we don’t know whether we will go back alive,” said 1TV reporter Hamid Haidary, who keeps a photo shrine of fallen journalists on a shelf above his desk.
Haidary had gone to the scene of the explosion that killed Faramarz and Ahmadi, but returned to his office minutes before the second bomb detonated.
“It is already too much for us,” agreed Lotfullah Najafizada, director of Tolo, which is Afghanistan’s largest private broadcaster.
As security in Afghanistan continues to deteriorate, the fear and anxiety is ever-present, he added.
“It is not just about the blast site, it is going to a province, it is coming to the office or being in the office — they all are attached to risks and it is difficult sometimes to minimize all of them to zero.”
Sixty journalists and media workers have been killed in Afghanistan since the US-led invasion in 2001 that toppled the Taliban regime and enabled independent media to blossom in its wake — an average of around three a year, according to Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
Afghan media support group NAI gave an even higher toll of 95.
But the departure of NATO combat troops at the end of 2014 marked a turning point, RSF figures show: 39 journalists and media workers — over half of the total — have been killed since then as a resurgent Taliban and the newly-emerged ISIS terrorize the country.
Media outlets have already scaled back coverage on the battlefield. But until this year, suicide attacks in urban centers remained a staple for newsrooms.
A double bomb attack in the Afghan capital on April 30 changed that.
Nine journalists, including Agence France-Presse chief photographer Shah Marai, were killed in the twin blasts — the most lethal attack on the media since the fall of the Taliban.
Much of the blame for the journalist deaths has been heaped on the Afghan government and its beleaguered security forces for failing to protect them.
But media outlets also have been criticized for repeatedly putting their staff in danger.
“Losing journalists in similar events one after another and not learning from the mistakes is bad management both on the part of the media organizations and the government,” said Sayed Ikram Afzali, executive director of Afghan advocacy group Integrity Watch.
Militants make headlines for killing civilians, security forces and first responders, including journalists.
But a total ban on covering suicide attacks “would be disrespecting the fallen”, said BBC bureau chief Shoaib Sharifi.
The British broadcaster goes to great lengths to minimize the risks. “We literally evaluate and monitor every step outside the office,” he said.
For now Afghan broadcaster 1TV, which has had several people killed or wounded in this year’s bombings, will continue to go to the scene of suicide attacks, said head of news and current affairs Abdullah Khenjani.
“I think people deserve to know what is happening in their country,” he added.
But they no longer rush to be the first at the scene, and wearing flak jackets and helmets is mandatory.