This section is updated with very important papers and articles which explain the religious and sectarian characteristics of Iranian theocracy. Reading this material will allow the reader to understand the core ideologies the Iranian regime since Khomeini’s Revolution in 1979 has based on; to not only establish a strong power base in Iran, but also to appeal to communities of similar sectarian/religious belief in the region, to strengthening its self-appointed status “The Defender of Shii Islam”.

This section aims at assisting the reader in understanding the difference between mainstream “Sunni” Islam and the “Shi’i” Islam and examining the Safavism ideology which promotes the Persian racism and geo-strategic expansion which the current Iranian theocracy uses to revive the Persian Empire. To achieve this goal, this section focuses on historical background of the foundation of Safavid Empire, which caused the deaths of thousands of people from numerous sects, religions and nationalities. It is hoped it will help in unwinding deep-rooted tension caused by the Iranian regime’s radical and revolutionary ideologies that have led to the instability in the Middle East.

Safavids and the persecution of minorities for religious and non-religious motivations

The 6th century B.C. Persian Emperor Cyrus, who granted the Jewish people their freedom, is pictured at left  (by Jean Fouquet, 1470-1475). The Persian Safavid ruler Shah Abbas I, pictured right, reviewing the severed heads of captured Ottoman Turkish soldiers, instituted restrictive ordinances against Jews in 1588. Track Persia- November 28, 2016 During [...]

By |November 28th, 2016|Ideology|

Ja’fari madhhab: Shah Nadir’s successful proposal of selective dissimulation

Track Persia- November 20, 2016 When Nadir Shah took power in 1736 and built an empire across Iran, India and Central Asia in less than twenty years, he confronted the problem of how to legitimize his reign after two centuries of Shi’i Safavid rule. He attempted to solve this problem, in part, by challenging Iran’s [...]

By |November 20th, 2016|Ideology|

Khomeinism, Safavism and the rule until the advent of the Hidden Imam

Track Persia- November 14, 2016 At the rise of the Safavid empire in 1501, the Shi'sm was declared as the state religion in Iran. By the early nineteenth century, Shi’ism transformed the societal structure of domination in Iran and Shi’ite ulama (clerics) exercised its religoi-legal authority independently of the ruler and the state. By the [...]

By |November 14th, 2016|Ideology|