This section is updated with very important papers and articles which explain the religious and sectarian characteristics of Iranian theocracy. Reading this material will allow the reader to understand the core ideologies the Iranian regime since Khomeini’s Revolution in 1979 has based on; to not only establish a strong power base in Iran, but also to appeal to communities of similar sectarian/religious belief in the region, to strengthening its self-appointed status “The Defender of Shii Islam”.

This section aims at assisting the reader in understanding the difference between mainstream “Sunni” Islam and the “Shi’i” Islam and examining the Safavism ideology which promotes the Persian racism and geo-strategic expansion which the current Iranian theocracy uses to revive the Persian Empire. To achieve this goal, this section focuses on historical background of the foundation of Safavid Empire, which caused the deaths of thousands of people from numerous sects, religions and nationalities. It is hoped it will help in unwinding deep-rooted tension caused by the Iranian regime’s radical and revolutionary ideologies that have led to the instability in the Middle East.

Exporting the Revolution in Iran’s constitution and the Mahdi’s return

Track Persia - May 16, 2017 Apocalypticism within the “Twelver” sect of Shiism is the most important component of the the Shiite  apocalyptic tradition because it is fundamentally associated with the notion of the twelfth, or Hidden, Imam—something that is absent in the Sunni theological system. The Mahdi, a title for the Shiite Muslim saviour [...]

By |May 16th, 2017|Ideology, Iran|

How Khomeini’s disciples helped institutionalize the rule of clerics and maintain it even after Khomeini’s death

Track Persia - Mar 25, 2017 Iran’s late Supreme Leader and founder of Islamic Republic of Iran, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini succeeded in establishing a theocracy headed by a faqih (who learned in jurisprudence) based on the Shi’i doctrine of wilayat al-faqih (guardianship of jurisprudent). The concept has ever since become the fundamental foundation for those [...]

By |March 25th, 2017|Ideology, Iran|

How Khomeini’s wilayat al-faqih doctrine affected Iran’s foreign policy and meant to change power balance in the Middle East

Track Perisa Feb 25, 2017 The establishment of the theocratic regime in Iran by the late Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khomeini  not only has transformed the governance in Iran into a totalitarian and suppressive but also have had huge impacts on Iran’s  foreign policies.[i] Khomeini developed the Shi'i doctrine known as  wilayat al-faqih (the governance of [...]

By |February 25th, 2017|Ideology, Iran, Middle East|

Iran’s Afghanistan multitrack policy since the success of the Islamic Revolution

Track Persia - Feb 18, 2017 Iran has a multitrack policy on Afghanistan. This can be attributed to different considerations: domestic politics, regional instability, expansionist ambitions, perceived threats and International pressure over its nuclear program. Radicalizing the Shiite movement   With the Shah’s downfall by Ayatollah Khomeini in 1979, the Iranian theocracy has advocated exporting [...]

By |February 18th, 2017|Afghanistan, Ideology|

Strategies aimed at spreading the politicized Iranian conception of Twelver Shi’i Islam

Qom has become more than just a city of religious schools Track Persia - February 3, 2017 Radicals within Iran’s leadership have utilised strategies aimed at spreading the politicized Iranian conception of Twelver Shi’i Islam particularly during the Safawids’ reign and the Khomeinists’ theocracy. Safawids’ strategies of propagating radical Twelver Shiism Safawids’ pretensions [...]

By |February 3rd, 2017|Ideology, Iran|

Iranian theocracy’s use of Shiite ideology of rule on behalf of Hidden Imam caused mistrust among ordinary Iranians

Iranian and Iraqi Shiite Muslims mourn while re-enacting events of Ashoura in southern Tehran, Iran, Wednesday, Oct. 12, 2016. Shiites mark Ashoura to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein during the 7th century Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq. (AP) Track Persia- January 22, 2017 Messianism in Shiite tradition is associated with the [...]

By |January 22nd, 2017|Ideology, Iran|

Khomeini’s ideology and the creation of religious justification for ignoring religious law

Khomeini legalized many practices that were religiously illegal Track Persia- December 20, 2016 The crisis of ideology in Iran started shortly after the victory of the 1979 revolution. Ayatollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic, promised to implement populist economic policies that promised to provide all the people’s basic needs, including water, [...]

By |December 20th, 2016|Ideology, Iran|

Safavids and the persecution of minorities for religious and non-religious motivations

The 6th century B.C. Persian Emperor Cyrus, who granted the Jewish people their freedom, is pictured at left  (by Jean Fouquet, 1470-1475). The Persian Safavid ruler Shah Abbas I, pictured right, reviewing the severed heads of captured Ottoman Turkish soldiers, instituted restrictive ordinances against Jews in 1588. Track Persia- November 28, 2016 During [...]

By |November 28th, 2016|Ideology|

Ja’fari madhhab: Shah Nadir’s successful proposal of selective dissimulation

Track Persia- November 20, 2016 When Nadir Shah took power in 1736 and built an empire across Iran, India and Central Asia in less than twenty years, he confronted the problem of how to legitimize his reign after two centuries of Shi’i Safavid rule. He attempted to solve this problem, in part, by challenging Iran’s [...]

By |November 20th, 2016|Ideology|

Khomeinism, Safavism and the rule until the advent of the Hidden Imam

Track Persia- November 14, 2016 At the rise of the Safavid empire in 1501, the Shi'sm was declared as the state religion in Iran. By the early nineteenth century, Shi’ism transformed the societal structure of domination in Iran and Shi’ite ulama (clerics) exercised its religoi-legal authority independently of the ruler and the state. By the [...]

By |November 14th, 2016|Ideology|