The leaders of the GCC pose for a photo ahead of the AlUla summit, Jan 5, 2021. (SPA)

By Camelia Entekhabifard

January 7, 2021

ncil was established forty years ago to create a defense shield against the threat of exporting the revolution of Iran to the region.

Despite the competition and hostility that has arisen between some of the region’s countries and Qatar, seeing Iran as a serious and considerable threat and the forthcoming changes in US foreign policy beginning with Joe Biden’s presidency, have brought together the countries of the region, laying aside old differences and challenges. The exigency for unity in the Gulf Cooperation Council lies in the same points made by the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia at the opening of the meeting; Iran’s nuclear program, missile program and its support for terrorist groups.

Recently, the region’s countries have changed their approach towards Iran, following all their unsuccessful attempts to establish friendly relations and mutual cooperation with the country. The threat from Iran, on the one hand, and the differences and rift in the GCC, on the other, made them even more vulnerable.

The focal point of restoring relations and dispute resolution with Qatar is changes that will occur with Mr. Trump’s departure from the White House and the start of Joe Biden’s presidency.

It has been years that the region’s countries have lost hope in Iran and consider it a threat to their political and economic interests and security.

It now seems clear that the second nuclear deal is on the next US president’s table and if the region’s countries want to be part of the group negotiating with Iran about its nuclear and missile programs and regional interventions, they must first resolve their own internal disputes.

The dispute resolution with Qatar stems from the fact that the countries of the region are determined to stand up to the Iranian threat and be united.

Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Prince Mohammed bin Salman called Iran’s nuclear program a threat to the region and the world.

The explicit reference to Iran’s nuclear program at the meeting and resolving the dispute with Qatar show the determination and intelligence of the region’s countries that have used the opportunity to end their internal conflicts before Biden comes to power.

The grounds of dispute resolution with Qatar have been on the agenda for months, not only to equalize the countries’ position in the region towards Iran but also to reduce tensions and conflicts in the area.

This agreement’s direct impact will soon be visible from Yemen and Libya to Syria, Lebanon, Sudan and Iraq.

The result of this agreement can create much optimism in easing tensions in areas where Qatar was in conflict and competition with Saudi Arabia, supporting opposition groups and equipping militants alongside Iran and Turkey.

The possibility of ending the war in Yemen, Libya and Sudan to establishing peace in Iraq and Syria and security in Lebanon are all potential achievements of the current agreement between Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

Conflicts between Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt, on the one hand, and Qatar, on the other, have cost a lot for the Arab world and the decision to resolve the dispute will mark the end of a battle that benefits Iran the most.

The AlUla summit is more than a dispute resolution meeting with Qatar. This meeting will be the key to resolving the problems of the region.

Asharq Al-Awsat

About Track Persia

Track PersiaTrack Persia is a Platform run by dedicated analysts who spend much of their time researching the Middle East, in due process we fall upon many indications of growing expansionary ambitions on the part of Iran in the MENA region and the wider Islamic world. These ambitions commonly increase tensions and undermine stability.