July 23, 2021
Iran Human Rights (IHR), a Norway-based non-profit with members inside and outside Iran, in its most recent report published Wednesday said that the number of executions in Iran has gone up sharply after the presidential elections of June 18.
According to IHR’s report, 89 of 117 executions in Iran in the past six months had been carried out secretly, with no announcements by officials of media.
Of the 117 people executed, six were women and 111 men. “Executions were halted for nine days before the elections and resumed two days after,” the report said. “Iran Human Rights has previously warned of the correlation between political events such as the elections and a rise in the number of executions.”
According to IHR, 63 of the 117 death sentences were for murder, 40 for drug-related offenses, six for rape, six for moharebeh (armed rebellion), and two for baghy (enmity against God).
IHR, which opposes capital punishment, said in its report that the 40 drug-related executions in the past six months were significantly higher than the same period last year when seven were executed on similar charges.
IHR commissioned a survey in October – done by the Netherlands-registered Group for Analyzing and Measuring Attitudes in Iran (GAMAAN) – that found 44 percent of Iranians opposed the death penalty while 26 percent approved only in certain cases. Over 85 percent of the 24,000 surveyed, of whom 86 percent lived in Iran, opposed the death penalty for anyone under 18.
Earlier in 2020, GAMAAN conducted a survey that found(link is external) only 32 percent of Iranians regarded themselves as Shia Muslims. Iran has the highest number of executions in the world after China.